Sometimes, a healthy diet and regular exercise are not enough to keep blood sugar levels stable. That is why, diabetics (especially type 2 DM) need drugs to help control blood glucose.
There are several types of drugs — usually in tablet form, but some are given by injection — that can be used for diabetes.
Most of the treatment for type 2 diabetes uses the biguanid class of drugs, such as metformin. This drug works by lowering the glucose produced in the liver while helping to increase insulin sensitivity so that sugar is more easily processed by the body’s cells for energy.
Treatment of diabetes mellitus can be done with one type of drug. However, if it does not work, several combinations of diabetes drugs may be needed.
Other diabetes medications can work in different ways in controlling blood sugar. Other drugs commonly used to treat diabetes include:
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