Gingivitis is a disease of the oral cavity that should not be taken lightly, because it can lead to complications. This disease occurs because there is a buildup of plaque from food scraps that causes bacterial growth in the gums. The accumulated plaque and bacteria are the main triggers for gingivitis, aka gingivitis.
This inflammation is often characterized by symptoms in the form of swelling of the gums, discoloration of the gums to dark red, frequent bleeding, bad breath, and wrinkled gums. Unfortunately, this condition is often realized too late because it rarely causes pain. Even so, ignoring this disease can actually make the condition worse.
There are four complications that can occur if gingivitis is not treated promptly.
Inflammation of the gums that is not treated promptly has the potential to develop into periodontitis, which is inflammation of the binding tissue in the gums and the bone around the teeth. This condition generally results in missing or loose teeth. It is very important to always do a dental and gum health check so that the symptoms of gingivitis can be detected and treated immediately.
2. Abscess Teeth
Neglected gingivitis can also lead to tooth abscess. This condition occurs when there is an infection of the gingiva or jawbone.
The buildup of plaque that causes gingivitis can also lead to mouth ulcers. Ulcers are bacterial infections that cause blisters on the gums. This condition can also cause deep sores on the gums.
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4. Recurrent gingivitis
Gingivitis that is not treated properly can also cause the disease to be incomplete, and it occurs repeatedly. Treatment of this condition is usually done by administering antibiotics and cleaning the plaque which is known as scaling. Treatment must be done immediately, because untreated gingivitis can spread and affect the health of tissues, teeth, and even bones.
The main cause of gingivitis or gingivitis is the buildup of plaque on the gums.
The plaque that builds up is formed from a collection of leftover bacteria that sticks to the surface of the teeth. In mild conditions, the plaque will usually disappear by brushing your teeth regularly. Conversely, dental plaque that is already severe should receive medical attention and can only be removed by a dentist.
This condition can affect anyone, but there are several groups that are said to be more at risk. There are several factors that can increase the risk of gingivitis, ranging from not maintaining dental hygiene, smoking, wearing ill-fitting dentures, lack of nutrition, and suffering from certain diseases, such as diabetes. This disease is also susceptible to attacking people who have a weak immune system, fungal and viral infections, hormonal changes, age factors, and side effects of these drugs.
Diagnosis of this disease is done by examining or asking about the symptoms that are felt, and observing the medical history. Then, the doctor will perform further tests to see the condition of the teeth and gums, and measure the severity of the inflammation. This examination also aims to see the presence of plaque or tartar, as well as signs of inflammation.
Find out more about gingivitis and the complications that can occur by asking your doctor.